September 5, 2023

Rivian R1S vs. R1T: What electric vehicle is best for you?

Rivian R1T charging at an Enel X Way JuicePedestal charging station

Since Tesla brought the first mass production electric vehicle (EV) to market in 2008, there have been huge industry milestones nearly every year: the first EV with a 400 mile range, the first EV charger powerful enough to complete an 80% charge in five minutes, and over-the-air software upgrades that delivered hands-free driving. Plus now, the electric truck.


After years of anticipation and delays, in 2022 Ford and Rivian were first to market, receiving tremendous fanfare. Motortrend named Rivian’s R1T the 2022 Truck of the Year, and Ford’s F150-Lightning the 2023 Truck of the Year.


In the same year, Rivian released its first sport-utility vehicle, the R1S. Identical to the R1T from the front seat forward, the R1S has a third row of seats, a smaller wheelbase, and a slightly higher price tag.


Here’s a look at how Rivian’s two models compare, and what you need to know about owning either.


R1T vs. R1S battery and engine overview

The R1T and R1S feature the same size battery packs and the same engine setup. Battery packs come in three different sizes: Standard (105 kWh), Large (135 kWh) and Max (180 kWh). For reference, the F-150 Lightning usable battery pack has either 98 kWh or 131 kWh, and the Tesla Model 3 has battery packs ranging from 54 kWh to 82 kWh. Rivian added larger battery packs to deliver longer range without compromising on towing capacity, acceleration or off-roading capabilities. The result is really the best of both worlds: performance and range.


For the Large battery packs, both the R1T and R1S also come as either Dual-Motor or Quad-Motor. In the Dual-Motor configuration, one electric motor drives the front wheels and a second drives the back wheels—the same setup as Tesla’s all-wheel drive offerings. On the Quad-Motor Rivians, each wheel is powered by its own motor, which allows for extremely precise cornering, and better handling in bad weather and off-roading, but lowers fuel economy and costs $8,000 more.


Due to the vehicle sizes, weights and aerodynamics, Rivian projects slightly different ranges for the R1T and R1S:

Projected mile range of 2023 Rivian R1T vs. R1S

328 w/ Quad-Motor, 352 w/ Dual-Motor
321 w/ Quad-Motor, 340 w/ Dual-Motor

Cost to maintain R1T vs. R1S

Both the R1T and R1S benefit from the simplicity of an electric drivetrain, which reduces the number of moving parts from several hundred to “a few”. That leaves far less to service and a lower risk of engine malfunction. Electric motors don’t rely on fluid lubricants either, which means no oil changes or power steering fluid.


What’s left? Tire and brake replacement and fluid change, transmission fluid and coolant. Even the brake maintenance is less frequent than it is for gas-powered vehicles thanks to regenerative braking capabilities on the R1T and R1S. Regenerative braking—a common feature of electric vehicles—delegates most of the car’s braking to the electric motor, which turns the friction created by slowing the car down into energy stored in the batteries. This greatly reduces the amount of work put on the brake pads and rotors, extending their life and costing you less to maintain.


Purchase cost of R1T vs. R1S

The cost of the Rivian R1S and R1T varies depending on trim level, bells and whistles, and any available incentives or discounts. The 2023 Dual-Motor R1T starts at $74,800 including the $1,800 factory to dealership delivery charge. The 2023 Dual-Motor R1S is $5,000 more for the base model. For both models, Rivian offers a step between the entry-level Dual-Motor and the Quad-Motor (which costs $8,000 extra) called Performance Dual-Motor, which adds an additional 100hp and a meaningful amount of acceleration. Upgrading to the Large battery pack (~350 mile range) for either model will cost $6,000, and $16,000 for the Max pack (~400 mile range).


All told, the Quad-Motor R1T with a Large battery pack will run you $88,000 and the R1S with the same features costs $93,000. For the Performance Dual-Motor R1T with the Max battery pack it’s $95,800, and $100,800 for the same level R1S. These prices are all before incentives, which could lower the price by more than $10,000 depending on what state you’re registering your vehicle in. 


Battery life of the R1T vs. R1S

In 2023 Rivian followed Tesla and Ford in switching from nickel-manganese-cobalt (NMC) battery cells for their standard range models to lithium iron phosphate (LFP) batteries. LFP batteries are less costly to build and have a much longer lifespan: they can be charged twice as many times before needing to be replaced. Plus the raw materials for them require less extensive mining and can be sourced from countries with stronger labor laws. The trade off is their lower power density than NMC batteries, which limits range. That’s why Rivian continues to use NMC technology for its Max pack.


Because the R1S and R1T are relatively new vehicles to market, there isn’t a wealth of data on battery life. That’s a good thing though; as of July 2023 there were no major reports of Rivian batteries having short lifespans. Just like gas-powered engines, battery life is affected by usage and climate, so not all customers will get the same lifespan out of their batteries. Still Rivian offers a best-in-class 8 year, 175,000 mile warranty on all its batteries.


Charging the Rivian R1T vs. R1S

Both the R1T and R1S will charge at the same speed, since both use the same size battery packs. For a seamless driving experience and maximum battery life, you’ll want to ensure that your Rivian stays well-charged but isn’t getting overcharged. To do that, Level 2 smart chargers are the way to go.


Level 2 smart chargers like the Enel X Way JuiceBox are cost-effective, high speed, WiFi connected chargers that give you maximum control over when and how you charge. If you’re on a time-of-use rate, your smart charger will analyze your rate and can be instructed to only charge when energy is cheapest.


The JuiceBox uses 240V power—the same as many large home appliances—to deliver up to 11.5 kW of power per hour.  If you already have a 240V NEMA 14-50 outlet near where you plan to charge your Rivian, installation can be done easily without a professional electrician: just mount your charger, plug it into the wall, and connect to WiFi.


The power provided by the JuiceBox is enough to easily recharge your Rivian overnight. Even better, your JuiceBox will automatically stop charging when your Rivian is fully charged to avoid taxing the batteries.

20-80% Charging time for 2023 Rivia R1T or R1S (Standard battery pack)

9 hours
7.25 hours
6 hours
24 minutes

Many utilities, states and the federal government offer incentivestax credits, rebates, and grants—for both home and commercial smart chargers that can help offset both the hardware and installation costs.


For public commercial chargers (those that anyone can use either for free or for a fee) and especially for installations in federally designated disadvantaged communities, incentives can sometimes cover the full cost of the charger(s), especially when incentives from multiple sources are combined.


Which is the better buy: R1T vs. R1S

Rivian owners and auto reviewers alike rave about both the R1S and R1T. While Car and Driver gives the R1T a perfect 10/10 and the R1S an 8.5/10, both have loyal followings and satisfied customers. With such similar features, either is guaranteed to deliver the kind of luxury EV driving experience both on- and off-road we could only have imagined five years ago.

Learn more about smart charging your Rivian R1T or R1S